Below is a very brief overview of racial disparity in Champaign County, Illinois. Build Programs, Not Jails recognizes that racism is a central factor in the arrest and incarceration of our community members. We therefore find the collection of data on racial disparity invaluable in exposing the local face of structural racism.
RACE AND INCARCERATION
In 2013, 67.8% of those admitted to state prisons from Champaign County were Black and 65.5% of those on parole from the Illinois Department of Corrections were Black.
From 2012-2015, the percentage of Blacks in the county jail population was consistently more than 50%. Five surveys of the population revealed percentages from 53% to 69%. (Blacks make up only 13% of the county’s general population.)
From January to April of 2015, 71% of those admitted to the Juvenile Detention Center were Black.
From 2007-2011, 88% of jaywalking arrests in Champaign were of Black people, 91% of jaywalking arrests in Urbana were of Black people.
Black people are stopped while driving at nearly twice the rate of what should be expected given their distribution in the population.
African Americans and Latinos, on average, are ordered to pay more and higher fines than Whites and Asians.
African Americans make up nearly 95% of the individuals on the 2015 Housing Authority of Champaign County’s No Trespass List.
*Additional information on racial disparities in municipal offenses is available here: Racial Disparities in Municipal Offenses, Champaign County
38.2% of Black people in Champaign County live below the poverty level.
The unemployment rate of African Americans in Champaign County is 17.4%.
75% of all suspensions in Champaign District 4 schools (2012-2015) and 65.8% of all suspensions in Urbana District 116 schools (2011-2015) were Black students.
77.7% of all expulsions in Champaign District 4 (2012-2015) and 85.7% of all expulsions in Urbana District 116 (2011-2015) were Black students.
In 2011, 85% of all students who experienced disciplinary action in Champaign District 4 schools involving the police were Black.
Only 4.87% of incoming freshmen at UIUC are African American, a number that has steadily decreased over the last two years.
*Additional statistics on racial disparity in discipline in Champaign County public schools is available here: Racial Disparity in Champaign County Public Schools
Sources: Illinois Department of Corrections; County Sheriff’s Office; Planners Network; ILPP Champaign County Criminal Justice System Assessment 2013; County Juvenile Detention Center monthly reports; County Probation Department monthly reports; Urbana Statistics Subcommittee Report 2015; Champaign Unit 4 Public Schools; Urbana District 116 Public Schools; Department of Education Civil Rights Data Collection; U.S. Census Bureau; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
This data was compiled in 2015 by Build Programs, Not Jails